Wheat flour is basically the end product that is extracted after grinding of wheat and used for consumption by human beings. It is one of the staple crops that is mostly grown in India and comes with high gluten extracts. Similarly, when the gluten is lower, the variety tends to be softer and vice versa. The flour with which, bread is made and is commonly known as bread flour, usually comes with high in gluten content and ranges from about 12% to 14%.
It is quite an interesting fact, that the ones which are low in gluten extracts produces bread that are of more crumbly and finer texture. Thus, it’s used to make pastries and cakes as well.Apart from physical properties, it is also said to be packed with protein, vitamin and fat. The entire part of wheat is made up of bran, germ and endosperm. While, in the flour, only endosperm and germ are included cutting out the bran.
Types Available Of Wheat Flour Though it comes from one single plant that is wheat, but in industry there are different types available that are as follows:
- Plain flour- This is the blended variety where protein part is comparatively lower than that of bread flour. It might also be composed of both hard and soft varieties of wheat where protein content ranges from low to moderately high.
- Maida flour- It is white flour that is made after treating the plain flour with flour bleaching agents. Through this process it is introduced with more gluten potential.
- Bread flour- This is particularly made out of hard spring wheat. It has high protein content and is perfect for making yeast bread.